Today’s article will be simple enough, though it will have limited application, as we discuss how to decompress tar.bz2 files. While this is certainly suitable for a newbie and easy enough to learn, many folks will just choose the GUI route.
Of course, you’re not always able to use a GUI. Sometimes there’s no way to do this graphically and you’ll have to do this in the terminal – perhaps over SSH. In fact, with my crappy bandwidth, I like to upload compressed files and then extract them on the server itself. This sort of thing works for me.
We have already talked about how you go about compressing and decompressing .bz2 files. You can read that article here:
This time we’re going to be working with ‘tar.bz2’ files – and decompressing these files is different than what you’ll have learned from the previous article.
What is ‘tar’?
A tar file stands for ‘Tape Archiver’ and is a compression method as old as time itself. Well, probably not that long – but a very long time. It’s sometimes referred to as a ‘tarball’ and Wikipedia tells me that it has been around since early 1979.
Here’s a good quote from Wikipedia:
The archive data sets created by tar contain various file system parameters, such as name, timestamps, ownership, file-access permissions, and directory organization.
The blurb goes on to mention that POSIX has supplanted tar in favor of pax, but when was the last time you saw a .pax file? So, tar is still widely in use.
The man page describes tar as:
tar – an archiving utility
Which is exactly the kind of thing we’re looking for. Imagine that?
What is .bz2?
If you read the link above, you’d know the answer to this question. I assume my readers are creatures of habit, so they’ve done no such thing. They’re probably skipping this section entirely and reading just the middle of the article.
Anyhow, in the previous .bz2 article, I mentioned this:
If you don’t already know, .bz2 files are bzip2 files. You’ll find that bzip2 is an opensource compression program that gets some regular usage, and you’ll sometimes find downloaded files that are compressed with this format. You may also, for compatibility reasons, want to compress files with bzip2 to share with other users who are already set on using the .bz2 format.
That sums it up nicely, though you don’t have to worry about that. See, with this particular command and these particular tar.bz2 files, you can decompress (extract) the files in one fell swoop.
Just for the record, you should also know that the bzip2 man page defines itself like so:
bzip2, bunzip2 – a block-sorting file compressor, v1.0.8
Your man page might be different, saying that it’s a different version. Either way, that’s what bzip2 is and that’s what it’s used for.
So, with all that in mind, we can get to the important bits of the article…
Decompress tar.bz2 Files:
As I mentioned in the intro, you can likely do this with your built-in GUI file extraction tool (often file-roller) easily enough. However, again as suggested in the intro, we’ll be doing this in the terminal. In most cases, you can press
With your terminal open in the correct directory, you can start by listing the files in the archive without actually decompressing them. That command would look like this:
tar -tf <file_name>.tar.bz2
That will happily spit out a list of all the files included. If you want, you can make the output more verbose by adding the
-v flag, so that it’d be
tar -tvf for example.
Next, I assume you want to decompress the tar.bz2 files, that is to extract the files within. To do that, you’d want this command:
tar -xf <file_name>.tar.bz2
Finally, I’ll give you a fun command. Let’s say you only want to extract files of a certain type, that is with a certain extension, from your tar.bz2 file. Well, you can do that and it’s easily done. Just use this command:
tar -xf <file_name>.tar.bz2 --wildcard "*.jpg"
That command would decompress and extract all the files with .jpg as their extension. You can use any extension there, being sure to use the * to indicate a wildcard even though you already specified it with the –wildcard flag. It is what it is.
There’s more that you can do, but those are the ways I figure most folks are going to decompress tar.bz2 files. Just be sure to check the man page (
man tar) to learn more about the command.
Well, for better or worse, my articles have been pretty verbose lately. Yes, yes it does tell me how many words are in each article. I’m not sure why I ended up being more verbose lately, but I think it’s a good trend.
Anyhow, today we learn how to decompress tar.bz2 files in the Linux terminal. It’s a useful skill to have and a good tool to toss into your Linux toolkit. You never know when you’re going to need to use these commands, but there may come a time when you do – and you can refer back to this article to learn how.
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