A Few Ways To Count CPU Processors Or Cores

So, in today’s article we’re going to learn a few ways to count CPU processors or cores. This is something you might already know about the system in front of you, but may want to verify with a remote system.

To the Linux system, there’s little difference between an individual processor or a core, or even a thread. Each core will appear as its own processor – and that’s exactly how it should be. Linux will treat each as its own processor and do its best to take advantage of multi-core/multi-CPU systems.

Now… Hmm… I shouldn’t need to explain this, but your computer has a processor called a CPU. It may have more than one, though that’s unlikely in a personal computer. Instead, your CPU may have multiple processors on it – each functioning more or less independently as ‘cores’. Additionally, your CPU cores may have multiple threads and each of those threads will appear as its own CPU.

That’s a very simplistic overview and I have to do things like limit how many characters are in the title of the article – and I don’t really want to try to explain everything. 

For example, you could have a 4 core CPU that’s dual threaded. 4 x 2 = 8, so your system will see 8 CPUs. There’s only one physical processor, but you’re effectively working with 8 of them. (By the way, you can *sometimes* compile software optimized by the number of cores available.)

Count CPU Processors Or Cores:

(or threads, I suppose)

This article requires an open terminal, like many other articles on this site. If you don’t know how to open the terminal, you can do so with your keyboard – just press CTRL + ALT + T and your default terminal should open.

Now, there are so many ways that you can count the CPU processors or cores. We’re just going to cover a few of them. Feel free to leave other solutions as a comment. I’ll approve the comments as quickly as I can.

Solution #1

We just recently used the ‘cpuinfo‘ file to learn about your CPU. So, we’ll start with that one first. We’ll process it with ‘grep’ and then do some counting:

It might look something like this:

output showing there are 8 CPUs available
You’ll have to use your imagination for the rest. I’m only making one screenshot.

Now, those are individual threads that it’s counting – on the same physical CPU. But, to the system they appear to be individual CPUs. I can assure you, I do not have 8 physical CPUs in my laptop.

Solution #2:

Now, your computer does technically know if it’s a physical CPU, CPU core, or CPU core thread. It just normally doesn’t much care. If your CPU and OEM vendor did things properly, you can learn that information using ‘dmidecode‘.

They do not always implement this properly and you will sometimes find mistakes when using ‘dmidecode‘. Let’s hope for the best when we run this more convoluted command:

That one uses egrep and picks out multiple words to include. If you run that command, you should find out that your computer really can tell the difference between cores and threads – and physical CPU count (though not with this command).

Solution #3:

This final solution is nice and easy. If you’re gonna memorize one of these, this would be the one to memorize. In fact, if you’re going to need to count CPU processors or cores, you might just as well use this one. It’s easy and effective.

That one will output the total number of CPUs, cores, or threads. That’s all it will output, just a single number. That number is how many CPUs (effectively) your computer sees – and that’s it. It’s pretty much perfect.

Closure:

There you go. You have another article, this one explaining how to count CPU processors or cores (or threads, really). It’s handy information to know, though you probably already know it. Like I mentioned above, you can optimize C/C++ code to run on the specific number of cores – and there are other reasons you might want to know this. 

Thanks for reading! If you want to help, or if the site has helped you, you can donate, register to help, write an article, or buy inexpensive hosting to start your own site. If you scroll down, you can sign up for the newsletter, vote for the article, and comment.

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One Way To See CPU Information

Today, we’re going to explore one way to see CPU information. On the original site, I had a couple of articles about this sort of stuff but we didn’t cover this method. It’s a short and sweet process, though I’ll show you a couple of ways to process the output.

The date that this will be published is July 4th. That’s a holiday in the United States. Not only do I live here, the vast majority of my readers live here (according to the stats I have). So, this will be a nice and easy article. For those of you who reside elsewhere, you’re welcome. You won’t have to work too hard today to understand what’s going on.

Anyhow, we’re not going to use any special tools. We’re not going to use any applications that you don’t already have installed. While we likely could, there really isn’t any need to. This being Linux, the information we’re after is already in a file. All we need to do is read that file.

So, let’s get to it…

How To See CPU Information:

This article requires an open terminal, like many other articles on this site. If you don’t know how to open the terminal, you can do so with your keyboard – just press CTRL + ALT + T and your default terminal should open.

With your terminal now open, let’s go ahead and read the file we need if we want to see the CPU information:

That’ll output a ton of text. You can read it as it is, or you can actually get it in a more readable form using the ‘less’ command. To do that, you just change out the ‘cat’ command, like so:

Now, just use the arrows on your keyboard to scroll down (or back up) through the text. When you want to close the output and return to the terminal, just press Q and it will close.

Closure:

That’s it. That’s all there is to this article that tells you how to see CPU information. It’s not a very tough article, and it’s quick. So, I met those goals! Yay me! Enjoy your holiday, even if the holiday is just a nice quick article that doesn’t require much thinking. Me? I’ll drink some beer and char some dead animal flesh.

Thanks for reading! If you want to help, or if the site has helped you, you can donate, register to help, write an article, or buy inexpensive hosting to start your own site. If you scroll down, you can sign up for the newsletter, vote for the article, and comment.

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Get Some Prettified CPU Information in Your Terminal With ‘CPUFETCH’

This brief article will help you get ‘cpufetch‘ installed and running. cpufetch is like neofetch, except it’s for your CPU. It’s probably not the greatest information-gathering tool, but it is kind of neat and worth playing with for a little while.

Basically, it’s like neofetch but for your CPU. All-in-all, it’s not the most useful tool. What it is, is interesting – or at least I think so. I saw it on a Reddit post a few days ago and decided to play around with it. I liked it well enough to write this article. 

When I check the cpufetch man page, cpufetch describes itself as this:

Simple yet fancy CPU architecture fetching tool

That seems to be an accurate description and that’s good enough for me! You’re not going to be doing a whole lot with it, but it is fun to play with. It simply outputs CPU data formatted to look a lot like neofetch and that’s all it does. In fact, it outputs data that looks like this:

cpufetch in action
And, yeah, that’s all it does. Neat, huh? No? Well, I think it’s neat! Sheesh!

So, yeah, that’s all it does. As you can see, I used the -s switch with retro to change the styling. You probably won’t be too interested in anything beyond that, which is fine. After all, this article is really about just having fun.

Using cpufetch:

Well, first you’re gonna need cpufetch if you want to use it. So, you should probably do that first! There’s a chance that it’s already packaged for you, and you can check that at this link. If there’s a package for you, go ahead and install it like you normally would. Otherwise, you’re going to need to build it.

Building it isn’t too hard and I had no issues doing so a couple of times on different systems. The directions are right there on the GitHub page, but I’ll recreate them here:

You can, of course, copy the built ‘cpufetch’ file anywhere you want. You can use the following command to make it so that you can use the program from anywhere you want.

Having crammed it into /usr/bin means it’s accessible even when you’re in a different directory. You can just run ‘cpufetch’ and it’ll work.

Speaking of which, that’s all you need to do to run it. You just use:

However, you can go one step further and install it. This isn’t listed on the GitHub page, but you can actually install it to have a man page entry for it and the likes. To do that, instead of moving the cpufetch binary like above, you just tell make to install it. It looks like this:

With that command, it’ll be fully installed and run just like any other application that runs in the terminal. And, as mentioned, it even adds the man page so you can use that. That’s probably a better option than just stopping at the ‘make’ directions from GitHub.

The way the output is formatted takes up quite a bit of space, so it’s prettier if you make your terminal large enough to fit the formatted output. You can also check the man page to learn the few other options. From the few other options, I’ve decided that I prefer the retro style. To do that, it’s simply:

I found the formatting much nicer with the retro logo applied. You do you and decide which one you like best as you play with your new toy. It’s merely a matter of taste.

Closure:

And that’s it for today. You’re probably not going to need cpufetch in your day-to-day operations. In fact, there are better tools than cpufetch – and they’ll give you far more information about your CPU. In this case, I don’t think that matters. It’s just a fun way to see some of the information about your CPU in the terminal. It’s perfectly okay to just have fun!

As always, thanks for reading! Thanks for the feedback! The traffic has slowed down, which is fine by me. If you’re interested in helping, you can donate, write an article, buy cheap hosting, register to help, scroll down and vote or sign up for the newsletter down there, or you can leave feedback in the comments! Any/all of those are truly appreciated and either help keep me motivated, show me what you like, or help the site stay up and running. Until next time…

EDIT:

I found an ancient AMD box to try it on, just so I could generate the AMD graphics. It took a bit to remember I had that old computer, but it looks like this:

cpufetch with an old AMD CPU
You can click on these to make them larger and easier to read.
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